Overview of the HIV PROGRAMME:

Phase I of the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) in Meghalaya was taken up during the last quarter of 1993-94. Actual implementation of the Programme could begin only in March 1994. During the Phase I of the Project all the activities were centralized to the State Head Quarter in the State AIDS Cell and even testing for HIV could be done only in the capital city of Shillong as only 2 (two) Elisa Reader were provided one each at the Zonal Blood Testing Centre and Voluntary Blood Testing Centre.

Objectives and activities of NACP – I:


  • To control the spread of HIV infection
  • To expand infrastructure of blood banks
  • To develop infrastructure for the treatment of STDs in district hospitals and medical colleges
  • To initiate HIV sentinel surveillance system
  • To involve NGOs in prevention interventions with the focus on awareness generation


  • Voluntary Blood Testing
  • STD Clinic
  • IEC activities
  • Annual Sentinel Surveillance
  • Blood Safety
  • AIDS Case Detection
  • Training

Earlier the Programme was implemented through a State AIDS Cell but due to various constraints in implementing the programme, a Society was constituted and registered on the 20th of August 1998. As such from the 1st of April 1999 the Phase II of the Programme (1999 – 2005) and Phase-III is being implemented through the Meghalaya AIDS Control Society.


Objectives and activities of NACP – II:


  • To reduce the spread of HIV infection in India
  • To strengthen India’s capacity to respond to HIV/AIDS on a long term basis


  • Annual Sentinel Surveillance
  • AIDS Case Detection
  • Mapping of High Risk Group
  • Targeted Intervention
  • STD Treatment
  • Condom Promotion
  • Inter-Sectoral Collaboration between Public, Private, Voluntary Sector
  • Training of Medical & Para Medical partner
  • Holistic IEC & Social mobilization
  • Blood Safety
  • Voluntary Counseling & Testing
  • Sensitizing Youth & Adults
  • Prevention of perinatal HIV transmission
  • Management of HIV – TB co-infection
  • Piloting ART
  • Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP).


Overall Goal: The National AIDS Control Programme (NACP III) was implemented from 2007. The overall goal of NACP III is to halt and reverse the epidemic in India over the next five years by integrating programmes for prevention, care and support and treatment. This will be achieved through a four-pronged strategy:

  • Prevent infections through saturation of coverage of high-risk groups with targeted interventions (TIs) and scaled up interventions in the general population
  • Provide greater care, support and treatment to larger number of PLHA
  • Strengthen the infrastructure, systems and human resources in prevention, care, support and treatment programmes at district, state and national levels
  • Strengthen the nationwide strategic information management system


The National AIDS Control Programme (NACP IV) was implemented from 2011.

Goals & Objectives:

Objective 1:  Reduce new infections by 50% (2007 Baseline of NACP III)

Objective 2:  Comprehensive care, support and treatment to all persons living with HIV/AIDS